1831 - Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer, at the Royal Institute, London.
1835 - The Australian city of Melbourne was founded.
1882 - Australia defeated England at cricket for the first time. ‘The Sporting Times’ published an ‘obituary’ for English cricket.
1885 - Daimler received his first patent for a motorcycle.
1895 - The Rugby League was formed from 21 clubs in the north of England.
1896 - Chop suey was invented in New York.
1930 - The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda were voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
1950 - British troops arrived in Korea to bolster the US presence there.
1966 - The Beatles performed their last concert before paying fans, at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
1982 - Actress Ingrid Bergman died on her 67th birthday.
1994 - British shops opened legally on a Sunday for the first time.
1997 - Netflix was launched as an internet DVD rental service.