1784 - John Wesley chartered the Methodist Church.
1912 - The first parachute jump was made, over Missouri in America.
1931 - Sir Oswald Mosely formed The New Party - The British Fascist Party.
1935 - DuPont scientist Wallace Carothers invented nylon.
1966 - Liverpool’s Cavern Club closed with £10,000 of debts.
1971 - Liechtenstein decided against giving women the vote.
1975 - In London, an underground train failed to stop at Moorgate terminus station and crashed into the end of the tunnel, killing 43 people.
1986 - Swedish Prime Minister Olaf Palme was shot dead as he walked home from ta cinema in Stockholm.
1996 - The Princess of wales announced she had agreed to a divorce from Prince Charles.
2001 - Ten people were killed in the Selby rail crash, an accident involving two trains and a runaway car.
2001 - A fire in Coventry Cathedral damaged religious artefacts including the world’s largest tapestry.
2013 - Pope Benedict XVI resigned as the pope of the Catholic Church, becoming the first pope to do so since Pope Gregory XII, in 1415.