1547 - Ivan the Terrible was crowned the first Tsar of Russia.
1572 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk was tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
1707 - The Scottish Parliament ratified the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
1854 - London’s Paddington Station opened.
1908 - The journal of the scouting movement, ‘scouting for Boys’, was published for the first time.
1909 - Ernest Shackleton’s expedition found the magnetic South Pole.
1924 - ‘Danger’, the first play written specially for radio, was broadcast by the BBC.
1939 - the Superman comic strip appeared for the first time.
1945 - Adolf Hitler moved into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
1950 - ‘Listen with Mother’ was broadcast for the first time.
1957 - The Royal Ballet came into being when Saddler’s Wells ballet was given a royal charter.
1991 – Coalition Forces went to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War.