1517 - Martin Luther nailed his revolutionary theses to the Wittenberg Palace church door in Germany.
1888 - he pneumatic bicycle tyre was patented by John Boyd Dunlop.
1902 - The first telegraph cable across the Pacific Ocean was completed.
1938 - Orson Welles’s radio production of ‘War of the Worlds’ caused mass panic in America.
1940 - The Battle of Britain ended.
1951 - Zebra crossings were introduced in Britain.
1955 - Princess Margaret called off her plans to marry divorced Group Captain Peter Townsend.
1956 - The United Kingdom and France began bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
1982 - The Thames Barrier, part of London’s flood defences, was raised for the first time.
1984 - Indian leader Indira Ghandi was assassinated.
1992 - The Vatican admitted Galileo was right when he said the Earth revolved around the Sun.
2000 - One astronaut and two cosmonauts became the first inhabitants of the International Space Station.