In 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts, aboard the Mayflower.
1840 - The Isle of Man decided to give the vote to selected widows and spinsters.
1846 - Augustus Appelgarth patented the first rotary press to be used in Britain.
1891 - James Naismith invented basketball.
1908 - The Port of London Authority was inaugurated.
1910 - An underground explosion at the Hulton Bank Colliery in Over Hulton, Westhoughton, killed 344 miners.
1913 - Arthur Wynne’s word-cross, the first crossword puzzle, was published in the New York World.
1937 - Walt Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world’s first full-length animated feature, premiered at the Carthay Circle Theatre.
1940 - American novelist and short story writer F Scott Fitzgerald died from a heart attack in Hollywood. He was 44.
1958 - Charles De Gaulle became President of France.
1962 - Rondane National Park was established as Norway’s first national park.
1963 - The episode of intercommunal violence called Bloody Christmas began in Cyprus, ultimately resulting in the displacement of 25,000-30,000 Turkish Cypriots and the destruction of more than 100 villages.
1965 - Plans were introduced to the House of Commons for a road safety bill, which would include a legal alcohol limit and random breath tests.
1967 - Louis Washkansky, the first man to undergo a heart transplant, died in Cape Town having lived for 18 days after the transplant.
1968 - Apollo 8 launched from cape Kennedy. It was the first flight to take man into orbit around the moon.
1988 - A Pan Am jet blew up mid-flight, over the Scottish town of Lockerbie. In total, 259 people on board the flight and 11 on the ground died.
1995 - The city of Bethlehem passed from Israeli to Palestinian control.
2003 - A secret list of 300 people who had refused knighthoods and other honours was released. It included David Bowie and John Cleese.